This article needs additional citations for guide Saint-Christophe PDF. Saint Kitts and Nevis-CIA WFB Map. Saint Kitts, also known more formally as Saint Christopher Island, is an island in the West Indies.
The west side of the island borders the Caribbean Sea, and the eastern coast faces the Atlantic Ocean. Saint Kitts became home to the first Caribbean British and French colonies in the mid-1620s. Along with the island nation of Nevis, Saint Kitts was a member of the British West Indies until gaining independence on September 19, 1983. The island is one of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles.
Saint Kitts has a population of around 40,000, the majority of whom are of African descent. Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the largest fortress ever built in the Eastern Caribbean. The capital of the two-island nation, and also its largest port, is the town of Basseterre on Saint Kitts. There is a modern facility for handling large cruise ships there. Middle or Verchilds Range and the South East or Olivees Range. The youngest volcanic center is Mt.
Liamuiga, 5 km in diameter and rising to an elevation of 1155 m. Its last eruption was 1620 years ago, corresponding with the Steel Dust series of pyroclastic deposits on the western flank. The Mansion Series of pyroclastic deposits and andesite with basalt layers occur on the northern flank, along with mudflows. French and English partitions of west St. Note the location of Fort Charles and the sulfur mine further to the west.