La Lozère, 1900-1920 PDF

It is the capital of the department of Corrèze, in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. Known sometimes as « the town on seven hills », Tulle rose to prominence through the development of its manufacturing sector. Initially, the Gauls settled an oppidum at the site of what is now the Puy St Clair because it was a site la Lozère, 1900-1920 PDF by cliffs and so easy to get off.

After the conquest, the city moved downwards, to the Trech district and the Romans established a temple to honor Tutela, goddess of protection of property and persons. Pope Urban II, who was in Tulle in 1095, granted protection for a new religious building. During the Hundred Years’ War, the English took the city in 1346 and are driven from the city by the local militia, the city falls again in 1369, but English are finally expelled by the local militia again. The abbey was almost abandoned with the secularization of 1514. During the wars of religion, Tulle was for Catholics, the city resisted the first time against the Huguenots in 1577, but the troops of the Vicomte de Turenne took a bloody revenge in 1585. Mutilation and looting were much more severe during the Revolution: the cathedral and the abbey buildings were converted into munitions factory, all fittings, including iron retaining the dome for recovery were torn, causing the collapse of the dome of the apse, the transept and the north gallery of the cloister.

The church was reopened for worship in 1803, but only regained its title of cathedral in 1823. From 1917 to 1922, Tulle was in the spotlight of the French press because of a news item. Over 100 anonymous letters were sent, denouncing all the secrets of the inhabitants of the city. The sender was actually Angele Laval, a spurned and insane woman. On 9 June 1944 a large number of male civilians were rounded up by the SS.

Of these, 97 were randomly selected and then hanged from lamp posts and balconies in the town. Additionally, another 321 captives were sent to forced labour camps in Germany where 101 lost their lives. In total, the actions of the Wehrmacht, the Waffen-SS, and the SD claimed the lives of 213 civilian residents of Tulle. In the last stages of the Algerian War and its aftermath, four military officers involved in instigating a failed coup aimed at deposing President de Gaulle were held in the prison at Tulle. De Gaulle referred at the time to « those idiotic generals playing ball in Tulle Prison ». Tulle’s role as a centre for lace making is highlighted by an « international lace festival » held each August.

The town is also home to the Maugein accordion factory, which once employed 200, though this figure is now much reduced. Located in another part of town is a car parts plant owned by the American Borg-Warner company, and employing approximately 300 people. Tulle’s MP in the National Assembly of France for nearly 15 years was the Socialist François Hollande, who was elected President of the Republic in 2012. Hollande also served as mayor of the town. The municipality has established an ambitious policy for sport in the early 2000s, which enabled it in 2008 to become the most sporting town in France. President of France, who was elected during the French presidential election, 2012 and who previously served as Mayor of Tulle.

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