Korean Peninsula and only written down in historical times. The earliest Korean myths predate Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist beliefs and oneuli PDF instead rooted in Korean shamanism. Many ancient Korean shamanistic myths were lost following the rise of Confucianism, which stressed pragmatism and rationalism. Only a fraction of Korean myths believed to have existed in ancient times were ultimately documented by Confucian and Buddhist scholars, many of whom modified the stories to fit within their own belief systems.
Une petite fille, Oneuli («aujourd’hui»), vit seule et l’âme en peine dans une vallée déserte.
Elle apprend un jour que ses parents se trouvent à Woncheongang, une cité magique dans le ciel.
Pleine d’espoir, Oneuli part pour un long voyage, sur la terre puis au ciel.
Inspirée d’une légende coréenne, voici l’histoire d’Oneuli, petite fille au grand coeur qui tout au long de sa quête, découvre sa propre voie : venir en aide à ceux qui sont malheureux.
Cho Ho-sang est né en 1963, en République de Corée. Il a étudié la «littérature de création» au Séoul Institute of Arts. Sa première oeuvre publiée était un poème en 1989 :
Sasang Munyae Undong.
Il écrit aujourd’hui des romans et toujours des histoires pour les enfants.
Kim Dong-seong est né le 10 février 1970, en République de Corée. Il est licencié en Peinture asiatique de la célèbre Hongik University. Il est l’illustrateur de Echo, publié par Le Petit Paquet, d’En attendant Maman, publié par Didier jeunesse, et du Chant du ruisseau, nouveauté Chan-ok à paraître en mars 2009 dans la collection Longue Vie !
A Korean shaman performing a ritual. Korean shamanism played a major role in the creation of ancient Korean myths. Ancient Koreans believed that every object had a soul and, as such, shamanistic rituals included worshiping the spirits and demons that inhabit objects such as mountains and rivers. A shaman is believed to be able to communicate with the spirit world. In Korean mythology, early leaders of Korea are said to have shamanistic qualities or to be descended from shamans. The largest number of shamanistic myths come from Jeju Island and South Hamgyeong Province.
Creation myths explain how the world began and where people came from. They typically include a first man or first woman who is responsible for creating the world. Hamhung, Hamgyong Province in present-day North Korea. Jeju Island in present-day South Korea. Sumyeongmangja, but fails in his mission. In some versions of the story, Daebyeolwang becomes the ruler of the underworld as well. Kwanbuk region of North Hamgyeong Province in present-day North Korea about a giant goddess named Grandmother Mago.
Mago creates all the geological formations on earth using mud, rocks, and her own urine and excrement. Osan, Gyeonggi Province in present-day South Korea. The story is performed in front of a ritual earthenware steamer called a siru. Dangun, the mythical founder of the first Korean kingdom. Korea’s ancient founding myths often include a story about the union of a sky father and earth mother.
Korea’s medieval founding myths instead established that Korean rulers had divine lineage but were not deities themselves. Gojoseon, the first kingdom of Korea. It is believed he founded Gojoseon in 2333 BC. Dangun’s story was recorded in two documents from the 13th century A. Dangun’s grandfather, Hwan-in, was the « Lord of Heaven, » while his father, Hwan-ung, descended to earth and founded a society on the Korean peninsula.
In some versions of the myth, his society is located on Mount Taebaeksan, and in other versions it is located on Mount Paektu. The son, Namu Doryeong, survived a flood by floating on the tree. He first saved a colony of ants from the flood, then a swarm of mosquitoes, until he had saved all the animals of the world. Namu Doryeong finally saved a young human boy, despite the tree’s advice against it.
After the flood, Namu Doryeong met an older woman and her two daughters on Mt. Baekdu, where they had been safe from the flood. The woman told Namu Doryeong if he won a contest, he could have her daughter’s hand in marriage. Namu Doryeong won the contest with the aid of a swarm of ants, who turned out to be the very ants that Namu Doryeong had saved during the flood.
In the story, the princess’ parents abandon her because they are unable to have a son, and she is their seventh daughter. Years later, the princess’ parents became ill, and she travels to the underworld to find the elixir of life. With it, she revives her parents and becomes a goddess who guides the souls of the dead from earth to heaven. After being seduced by a monk, her brothers threatened to kill her for bringing dishonor to their family.
She hid in a cave, where she gave birth and was later freed by her mother, a shaman from heaven. Sonnimgut is a myth about the 53 smallpox gods, called the Sonnimne, who lived in China. However, the Sonnimne wanted to live in Korea, so the beautiful goddess Gaxi Sonnim, lead three of the Sonnimne there. However, they could not cross the Yalu River.
When the gods reached Seoul, they attempted to sleep in the house of the rich Kim Jangja, but were refused. Instead, they slept in the shack of the kind crone, Nogo Halmi. After blessing Nogo Halmi’s granddaughter with longevity and good luck, the trio headed towards Kim Jangja’s mansion. Kim Jangja hid his son Cheolhyeon in a high mountain, and burned peppers on every street because pepper was said to drive away the Sonnimne. The Sonnimne attacked Cheolhyeon, first luring him out of the mountain then whipping him.
The Sonnimne pierced silver needles in Cheolhyeon’s joints, and finally, Kim Jangja promised to have a sacrifice made for the Sonnimne. However, the promise was false, and the angered Sonnimne killed Cheolhyon, and took him as the fifty-fourth Sonnimne. When the Sonnimne were returning to China, they found that Nogo Halmi lived in Kim Jangja’s mansion with her granddaughter and son-in-law, while Kim Jangja lived as a sick beggar in Nogo Halmi’s shack. When Cheolhyeon cried out at this situation, the Sonnimne gave Kim Jangja some money and cured his sickness.