Pierre Pierre Bonnard PDF, bibliste protestant, commentateur de l’Évangile selon Matthieu. Rechercher les pages comportant ce texte.
La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 13 décembre 2018 à 20:45. French painter and printmaker, as well as a founding member of the Post-Impressionist group of avant-garde painters Les Nabis. Bonnard has been described as « the most thoroughly idiosyncratic of all the great twentieth-century painters », and the unusual vantage points of his compositions rely less on traditional modes of pictorial structure than voluptuous color, poetic allusions and visual wit. It’s not just the colors that radiate in a Bonnard, » writes Roberta Smith, « there’s also the heat of mixed emotions, rubbed into smoothness, shrouded in chromatic veils and intensified by unexpected spatial conundrums and by elusive, uneasy figures. Bonnard was born in Fontenay-aux-Roses, Hauts-de-Seine on 3 October 1867.
He led a happy and carefree youth as the son of a prominent official of the French Ministry of War. He studied classics during his baccalaureate. In 1891, he met Toulouse-Lautrec and began showing his work at the annual exhibition of the Société des Artistes Indépendants. In his twenties Bonnard was a part of Les Nabis, a group of young artists committed to creating work of symbolic and spiritual nature.
Other Nabis include Vuillard and Maurice Denis. In addition to his paintings, he also became known for his posters and book illustrations, as well as for his prints and theater set designs. Bonnard was described, by his own friend and historians, as a man of « quiet temperament » and one who was unobtrusively independent. His life was relatively free from « the tensions and reversals of untoward circumstance. It has been suggested that: « Like Daumier, whose life knew little serenity, Bonnard produced a work during his sixty years’ activity that follows an even line of development. Bonnard is known for his intense use of color, especially via areas built with small brush marks and close values.
His often complex compositions—typically of sunlit interiors and gardens populated with friends and family members—are both narrative and autobiographical. Bonnard did not paint from life but rather drew his subject—sometimes photographing it as well—and made notes on the colors. He then painted the canvas in his studio from his notes. I have all my subjects to hand, » he said, « I go back and look at them. And before I start painting I reflect, I dream. He worked on numerous canvases simultaneously, which he tacked onto the walls of his small studio. It would bother me if my canvases were stretched onto a frame.
I never know in advance what dimensions I am going to choose. In 1938 there was a major exhibition of his work along with Vuillard’s at the Art Institute of Chicago. He finished his last painting, The Almond Tree in Blossom, a week before his death in his cottage on La Route de Serra Capeou near Le Cannet, on the French Riviera, in 1947. Although Bonnard avoided public attention, his work sold well during his life. Bonnard’s work in Paris in 1947, Christian Zervos assessed the artist in terms of his relationship to Impressionism, and found him wanting. Two major exhibitions of Bonnard’s work took place in 1998: February through May at the Tate Gallery in London, and from June through October at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. In 2009 the exhibition « Pierre Bonnard: The Late Interiors » was shown at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Bonnard is the most thoroughly idiosyncratic of all the great twentieth-century painters. What sustains him is not traditional ideas of pictorial structure and order, but rather some unique combination of visual taste, psychological insight, and poetic feeling. He also has a quality that might be characterized as perceptual wit—an instinct for what will work in a painting. In 2016 the Legion of Honor in San Francisco hosted an exhibit « Pierre Bonnard: Painting Arcadia », featuring more than 70 works that span the artist’s entire career. London in 1970, was discovered in Italy.